how to improve tennisI sent a simple question to over 10,000 tennis players, coaches and tennis parents:
“If I could write about 1 thing to make your tennis better, what would it be?”

There are many players and coaches who strive for good and straight-to-the-point information.
Now that I’ve been playing tennis for over 28 years and taught this wonderful sport, full time, for almost 13 years, it would a great pleasure of mine to share my knowledge.

Below you’ll find the answers that people wrote in response to the question that was presented (above) to them.
I’ve tried my best to give them my honest answers hoping to clarify the issues and giving solutions to improving their tennis.

I’d have to mention that some of the answers I provided below are already presented in great detail on my two websites (WebTennis24.com and WebTennisDrills.com). Some issues are going to be the material for future articles / videos, and the ones I could give my straight opinion are there to be read and debated (which I strongly advise you to do whether you agree with me or not).

So here are the first 50 requests that tennis players and coaches would like to find out more about:

1. “to share your experience and what you learned out of it”
– Most of my tennis experience I’ve been sharing on My Blog where you can find lots of articles describing my honest opinion about how to learn and teach tennis, as well as my “adventure” in teaching my own two daughters.

2. “how to handle topspin volley without hitting them in the net or out?”
– You just asked a question about my favorite stroke in tennis: drive volley.
As I described it in a recent video lesson I posted at WebTennis24, when hitting a drive volley you must understand the following:
1) the ball comes down onto your racquet faster than during a ground-stroke therefore you should aim higher (at leaset 2 feet over the net) – otherwise you’ll send many drive volleys into the net;
2) if you swing up and across the back of the ball (some call it “windshield wiper” motion) you’ll impart enough spin to keep the ball inside the baseline.

For a detailed explanation, demonstration and progression drills watch the entire 14:41 minutes video. Here is the link to it (click).

3. “return of serve (both bh and fh)”
– The key elements to a good return of serve are: reading your opponent’s body language (predicting the type of spin and placement), footwork and preparation.
For details of how to hit a successful return of serve check out the following articles / videos:
1) Do this For a Better Return of Serve
2) Return of Serve Tactics – an excellent resource presenting how, where and why you should hit your return of serve according to certain tactical situations.

4. “injury prevention”
– This is an area that I, unfortunately, don’t have too much material to write about therefore I’d warmly recommend you check out Suzanna McGee’s website: http://www.tennisfitnesslove.com/ . She is a true professional in regard to tennis nutrition and injury prevention.

5. “how to hit a good forehand and backhand accompanied by some good videos to download”
– In my “Tennis Technique Lessons” video section I have tried my best to break down both strokes (forehand and backhand: two-handed and one-handed) into small elements so that a player can understand the basic mechanics for a correct, consistent and comfortable technique. You can also check out drills to improve your strokes once you feel comfortable with the proper technique.

6. “being (not) so hard on myself”
– I feel your pain and I can share many times when I’ve gone through frustrations.
Here are some of my tips:

1) make sure that your equipment feels “right”; that means get a good string (it matters a lot), a racquet appropriate to the level and kind of game you play;
2) get in shape – most of our frustration comes from not moving well on the court and not being fit enough to execute certain strokes that we want;
3) mentally – understand that tennis is a game and you should play it to have fun and get a good work-out.
Ultimately, don’t do what I recently did: break a new raquet out of frustration. I still regret that I did not control my temper. It was so not worth it… I miss my racquet!!! (tears coming down my cheeks).

7. “my second serve”
– I already wrote quite a few articles about the Second Serve (where have you been???:). Check them out here:
1) Why Should You Slice Your Second Serve
2) Second Serve Priorities
3) How to Attack the Second Serve
4) How to Really Hit Your Second Serve
5) Best Second Serve Grip

8. “I’m 75 years old; how can i play tennis and have good fitness considering I have knee pains and not strong?”
– I once had a student who was 81. I loved him as a friend first and as the way he committed to improving his tennis.
I would say to get better with the choice of shots and understand and use the court geometry to your advantage. Depending of whether you enjoy singles or doubles, there are certain tactics and shot selections you could use in order to run less and cover the court more efficiently.
I’ve spent a great amount of time presenting all the advantages that involve good knowledge of court coverage and how use them to save energy by positioning in the right spot when playing certain shots.
Get an in-depth analysis of court coverage by clicking here.

9. “kick serve that goes in all the time with speed and depth”
– This is something I have on the list of things to do. It will come up sometimes in May 2016: progression drills for hitting a solid Kick Serve.

10. “consistency with a penetrating topspin forehand”
– I’ll put this on my to-do list as well. Thank you for suggesting it! 🙂

11. “mental aspects of tennis”
– This is another area that you can find at WebTennis24.com under the section “Mental Tennis“. Here you’ll find some unique content in the sense that each stroke is presented from a mental aspect: what you should visualize yourself achieving, how you should control your body and other mental elements that I personally studied for many years because I was one of those less talented individuals who had to figure out how tennis works. Enjoy! 🙂

12. “how to make the necessary mental adjustments when your match may be slipping away”
– From my point of view, when you see the match slipping away you should realize that you’ve got nothing to lose. Therefore, as I tell my students… if my opponent is going to take this match, at least I’ll make him/her work hard for it.
I’ll play with the confidence of somebody who goes out fighting.
I won’t hold off anything.
You want the match? Then come and get it! 😉

13. “how to stay focused / poised when you’re in control of the match, staying confident but not cocky”
– It is so easy to lose your concentration during the match, especially when you are ahead.
One trick that has worked for me to remain focus throughout the match was to always keep track of the score and visualize that I am winning the next point.
That keeps your mind from wandering away and from getting distracted. This helps you stay positive and connected with what happens on the court.
I often tell my students that if they lose track of the score during a match, that means they are not focused on what is happening on the court. And that is one of the causes many players lose matches.

14. “how to make training more match realistic , with stress factor etc.”
– There are many drills and games that you can apply in your training. We have posted lots of them in the “Mental Strength Tennis Drills” section at WebTennisDrills.com. Enjoy becoming mentally tough!

15. “how to teach kids to improve their tracking skills”
– There are quite a few drills and even games that kids would love (always make it fun for them). A lot have been posted at “Tennis Games and Drills for Kids” section at WebTennis24.com. Kids love them!

16. “lesson plans for senior players”
– We have posted many lesson plans at WebTennisDrills.com that can be applied to seniors also. Most of the drills and games presented there can be adapted to senior players with respect to applying the proper recovery time and adjusting the intensity of the effort.

17. “I have some problems right know with the correct contact to hit the ball, the toss and correct way to hit with topspin.”
– There is a section called “Quick Tennis Fixes” at WebTennis24.com. You’ll find many videos presenting common issues that tennis players encounter, the reasons they happen and how to fix them. You’ll love those videos – they are short and demonstrate the fix in the simplest ways.

18. “anticipation”
– The Anticipation in tennis comes with experience and a conscientious effort to pay attention to your opponent’s body language before he/she strikes the ball, as well as with a good court coverage knowledge. Study those and you’ll find yourself being in the right spot (most of the time), saving energy and winning points easier.

19. “look at the ball!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!”
– I know what you mean! 🙂 Let me just share one of my tricks that has allowed me for many years to focus on the ball:
Before I have a tough tennis match, I do this exercise (you can call it meditation, if you want)… I sit in a chair, comfortably, and look for a spot (no bigger than a button) that is at least 3 feet away. It can be any spot on the wall or… anything. Then I keep my eyes on it without staring or straining my eyes. I stay still and focus on that spot for at least 1 minute.
That has helped me clear my mind and learn to avoid shifting my eyes away from the object (in this case, the ball) which interests me. Try it! You might find it useful in keeping your eyes on the ball.

20. “serve”
– Oh, the mighty Serve. What is there to say about? It is obviously the stroke that anybody can improve as far as technique, power, placement, spin etc.
I’ve written quite a few articles and shot many videos in regard to the Serve. Please check them out yourself:
1) Two Surprising Elements for Serve Balance and Power (video)
2) Best Second Serve Grip (video)
3) Flat Serve – Progression Drills (videos)
4) My Best Tip for a Good Serve Toss (article)
5) It’s the Only Serve I Trust (article)
6) Tennis Lesson: Slice Serve (videos)
7) Serve Tactics – Advanced Level (article)
8) Serve Tactics – Intermediate Level (article)
9) Tennis Lesson: Flat Serve (videos)
10) Tennis Lesson: Ultimate Tennis Serve – Slice, Kick and Flat (videos)
11) I’ve Found This to Be the Best Serve Toss Tip (article)
12) Serve Speed (article)
13) Serve Spin (article)
14) Serve Placement in Doubles (article)
15) Better Serve Toss (article)
16) Facts You Should Know About Slice and Kick Serves (article)
17) Topspin Serve – Tip 1 (video)
18) Topspin Serve – Tip 2 (video)
19) Topspin Serve – Tip 3 (video)
20) Quick Fix: My First Serves Land Too Deep (video)
21) Quick Fix: My First Serves Go Into the Net Often (video)
22) Second Serve Priorities (article)
23) Why Should You Slice Your Second Serve (article)
24) Serve Toss Tips (video)
25) How to Serve or Teach Serving with a Continental Grip (video)
26) How to Read the Incoming Serve (video)
27) Serve Mind (article)
28) Serve Drill: +5 / -5 (video)
29) How to Avoid Choking when Serving (article)
30) Serve Drill: Toss and Warm-Up (video)
31) Why Should You Practice the Wide Serve (More) Often (article)
32) Practice Ad Court Serves More Often (Strong Reason) (article)
33) The Body Serve is The Best (Here’s Why) (article)
34) How to Really Hit Your Second Serve (article)

21. “first volley!”
– Your first volleys depends a lot on the previous stroke: the approach shot.
The quality of your approach shot can place you in a situation of an easier first volley or a more difficult one. I said “easier” because, in general, the first volley is not an easy shot.
If you are approaching the net, most of the time you’ll be hitting the first volley from around the service line area and it will be a low one (contact below net level).
Think about the first volley more like a placement shot where the emphasize will be to give yourself time to get in balance and better position closer to the net for the next volley while making it as possible for your opponent to hit it on the run or as a weak reply.
So think of you first volley more in terms of placement and to set yourself up for the second volley where you’ll afford a more comfortable and aggressive shot.

22. “how to avoid unforced errors”
– If one finds the solution to avoid unforced errors, he/she is my idol. 🙂
Aside from that, you can obviously cut down on unforced errors by doing the followings:
1) keep your mind distracted from the pressure of the match and your opponent;
2) stick with what you feel comfortable and use the strokes you don’t trust only when you have a clear advantage;
3) keep your knees bent – by doing that you increase your balance by having a low center of gravity;
4) aim higher over the net and at least 3 feet inside the lines; don’t fall for the hype to hit all the balls close to the baseline – making them land just beyond the service line would be sufficient enough to enjoy long rallies and keep your opponent from attacking you;
5) use spin – it is one of the best ways to allow yourself to put more pace on your shots while maintaining the balls in the court;
6) visualize your shots going in; keep a positive attitude and find a way to snap out of negative thoughts (see tip above: number 13)
7) practice the strokes you don’t feel consistent with; use drills that put you under pressure situations as the ones highlighted in the “Mental Strength Tennis Drills” section.

23. “speed”
– One of my favorite tennis drills for footwork and speed is the so called “Spider Web“. This incorporates most of the movements you’ll need in tennis and it is great for conditioning too.
Do it at least 3 times per week and you’ll see an improvement in your on-court speed.

24. “doubles strategy”
– Everything (well, at least that’s what I consider) about how to play and win in doubles (positioning, formations, communication, court geometry etc.) is here in the “Doubles Tennis Tactics” section at WebTennis24.com. Have fun learning the doubles tactics and strategies!

25. “pronation on the serve”
– That’s a tough one to teach because it can lead to injuries if not done correctly.
In my opinion, the pronation should be the result of you keeping the grip and wrist loose, allowing your forearm to rotate inward during the contact.
Also try to visualise how you’d like the strings to brush on the back of the ball; then let it happen.

26. “consistent focus during the matches”
– See answer to no. 13 (above).

27. “more lesson plans and remedial drills to correct mistakes in techniques”
– I’ll continue to provide that. Until then make sure you check out “Tennis Lesson Plans” section at WebTennisDrills.com and “Tennis Technique Lessons” at WebTennis24.com.

28. “fitness”
– Lots of video fitness and conditioning drills can be found in the “Conditioning/Speed” section at WebTennis24.com.

29. “what is the best strategy to use to return hard, fast paced balls when a very large hard hitting man is hitting at me in mixed doubles (especially when I’m at the net)?”
– When you are a player at the net defending against a hard hitter I would suggest the following:
1) don’t play at the net (you didn’t see this one coming, huh? 🙂 instead play more from the baseline and come up when you find a better opportunity; but if you dare to come up to the net, then…
2) technically: stay low, keep the racquet up and get ready to use your backhand side of your racquet (it is easier to move the dominant elbow away and block the ball with the backhand);
3) if you really want to stay at the net against a fast returner, make a couple of steps further back (closer to the service line) and try blocking the balls from there until you find a better chance to come closer to the net;
4) if nothing else works, then I guess the best way is to warn the big macho man that hitting hard towards a lady is not polite (you can tell him I said that:)!

30. “how to hit a topspin second serve using a pinpoint serve stance”
– The same way you’d hit a topspin second serve using a platform stance: toss the ball a bit over towards the non-dominant shoulder and brush the ball up as it comes down.
Oh, and one more thing: visualize it going in.

31. “how long should kids practice on one drill and how many hours a day?”
– How long should a kid practice a drill depends on the kid’s age, desire and focus.
In general try to not dwell on a single drill for too much. I remember one of my mentors telling me (when I was at the beginning of my career) – “Cosmin, within 20 minutes you should do at least 3 drills; more than that as the kids are younger”.
How many hours a DAY? It depends of the kids’ age, level of performance and obviously desire to play.
With older kids (over 10 years old) you can do it up to 2 hours, but the younger they are, the harder it is to keep them focused and enjoying it.

For example, with my two daughters (8.5 and 10 years old) I do 1.5 hour long lessons and 3 times per week. Besides tennis they do swimming (once a week) and soon they’ll start guitar (the younger one) and piano (the older one) lessons.
If the kid wants more, then do more than three times a week; as long as he enjoys and asks for it.

32. “how to play slice backhand well; where does the ball hit the racket?”
– I recently added a new “Slice Backhand Lesson” and “Adding more Power to Your Slice Backhand” videos where the following elements are highlighted:
1) grip should be continental
2) prepare with the racquet higher than the eventual point of contact
3) keep the body sideways and in balance by “spreading the wings” and sliding the back foot behind you during the contact
4) learn to pull the racquet through the ball instead of pushing it – you’ll get more power!
5) at contact, visualize that the lower part of you strings bed will make contact first with the ball which will then slide over the center of the racquet as the strings brush the ball in a high to low trajectory
6) keep the head down and still.

33. “any tips for tennis elbow”
– I had “golfer’s elbow” at some point when I was playing and trying to add more power to my one-handed backhand by over supinating the forearm; but, fortunately, I’ve never had tennis elbow.
And I owe this to one single exercise I do every day: I grab the racquet’s handle with both hands so that the racquet is parallel to the ground, shoulders level, palms down; I twist the racquet handle in my hands forward until I count to 30, then backwards.
When you do this exercise for the first time you’ll feel a little burning in your forearms. That’s a good sign. 🙂
Do it every day. It only takes a minute but you’ll feel more control on your forehand ground-strokes, one-handed backhand, volleys, serves etc.

How to cure tennis elbow? Rest and specific forearm exercises that you can find a lot of on the internet.

34. “the volley: to gain more confident when i raise the net”
– Practice, practice and practice. Use volley drills as you can find in the “Volley Tennis Drills” section at WebTennis24.com .

35. “to be more orthodox hitting the forehand”
– I guess that the video lessons we’ve posted at WebTennis24.com in regard to forehand technique would help you a lot:
1) Tennis Lesson: Forehand Ground-Stroke (Topspin)
2) Forehand Ground-Stroke: Progression Drills

36. “how to play with a more relaxed body so that the techniques they are learning can work effectively (especially after taking a long break)”
– Warm-up well. I can’t stress this enough as I see, often, tennis players stepping on the court and after 2 minutes they ask each other who wants to serve first…!!!
Take time to jog, do some “shadow” strokes and stretch before beginning to actual hitting the balls.

37. “when to approach the net and how to do it effectively”
– You should approach the net in the following situations:
1) serve and volley: if you have a powerful serve and notice your opponent tends to block it back slowly, you should move up to the net;
2) if you play a “pusher” (somebody who just hits the ball back with little pace)
3) if you get a short ball which forces you to step closer to service line
4) if you pulled your opponent wide and see a lot of court opening for you to go for a put-away; don’t hesitate – move up and take the next ball early.
To effectively approach the net, consider the following:
1) hit the ball with slice (under-spin) – that keeps it low impeding your opponent to hit the ball back down to your feet
2) attack the opponent’s weak side or send it down the line (you’ll be in a better position to cover the angles)
3) expect to hit at least two volleys before you have the opportunity to put the ball away
4) stay low and keep the racquet out in front of your body for an early ball contact.

38. “I want to know how to place my serves, i.e. out wide, into the body, at the T”
– The best way, which I now apply with my two daughters, is to practice your Serve using targets (cones, piles of balls, etc.) in certain areas inside the service line. Then do not leave the court until you hit every target at least one time.
Don’t fall for tips such as: to position your feet, toss the ball or hold the racquet in a certain way… Aiming and hitting a target in tennis when serving has a lot to do with visualization and feel. Tell your body (consciously) what you want to achieve and then let your muscles execute it (subconsciously). With lots of this practice, in time, you’ll be able to hit any target you place inside the service court.
These days I am having my two little daughters (8.5 and 10 years old) practice serves to targets. Sometimes it takes them a full basket to hit one of the targets (even though they are big cones)… at some point they tend to give up and comment that the task is impossible. That’s why I challenged them that I would hit those targets within 3 tries. They did not believe me; frankly, I did not believe myself of being able to do it also. But I just looked at the targets, threw the ball up in the air and hit it visualizing where I wanted it to go.
I hit those targets each in no more than three tries (to my girls astonishment).
So practice serving to targets using visualization and… lots of repetition.

39. “Strategies to set up the net player in doubles. Mixed doubles strategies given the physical differences in partners.”
– This is a good one! I’ll put it on my to-do list (coming soon!).

40. “What’s the right mechanics and mentality in doing a running volley? (I frequently hit it long.)”
– Body balance and racquet control… Most of the volleys on the run you miss them because you can’t control your body balance due to the poor footwork.
Hitting the volleys long is because your racquet is too open and/or you transfer the energy you put into reaching the ball to your shot.
Try slowing down as you reach the ball or tighten the grip a little bit before the contact. That might help controlling the volley while on the run.

41. “Strategy”
– Strategy is a plan that you apply according to your opponents’ skills and most important to your ability to put that in practice using the right tactics.
A lot is discussed in the “Singles Tennis Tactics” and “Doubles Tennis Tactics” sections at WebTennis24.com .

42. “mastering kick and slice service”
– Learning the Kick and Slice Service is one thing, mastering is a long process based on lots of technical and tactical process.
In my 45 minute video lessons “Ultimate Tennis Serve – Slice, Kick and Flat” I highlighted some important aspects that go into hitting effective serves beginning with the warm-up and continuing with the role of each serve as far as spin, placement and how can they be used tactically in a match.
Because it is a complex subject which requires hands on demonstration, you might want to check those videos out.

43. “I am especially interested in child tennis, 10S, Red, Orange, Green tennis up to twelve years old.”
– In this case I would recommend that you visit the “My Daddy / My Coach” video section at WebTennis24.com where you’ll see lots of videos how to teach tennis to kids from the early age of 5 through 10.
Through the MD/MC video lessons I wanted to show how I taught tennis to my own two daughters from their very first beginning (picking up the racquet and learning the basic strokes) all the way to playing orange and green level tournaments.
These are live (and uncut) lessons showing exactly how I teach: tips, progressions, drills… I could say they are the ONLY live and full tennis lessons that you could find on internet.

44. “I’m a senior player of 73 years, rating of 2.5-3.0. Play only doubles. I have trouble moving after hitting the ball, being in the right place for the next shot.”
– Please read the answer to no. 8 (above).

45. “Some way to better track the ball all the way to the racket. I find that my eyes leave the ball at about the net and no matter how hard I try it’s hard to keep my eyes on it much longer.”
– Please read the answer to no. 19 (above).

46. “Details of proper cross over step.”
– The cross-over step is the one where the outside foot pushes off the ground and moves in front of the inside foot to initiate a faster recovery especially after hitting a wide ball. In a recent video I was showing how to effectively combine the cross-over with shuffle steps to get back in position and cover the open court after being pulled wide by an opponent’s wide ball.
Since it is easier to demonstrate (through video) than putting it into words, I’d suggest you check out “Recovery Steps for a Quick Court Coverage” video lesson.

47. “One of the challenges I face is hitting waist and above level forehand. I tend to hit them long most of the time. So basically it is the technique that I lack. I use semi western grip.”
– Using a semi-western grip is a good choice to handle balls that are above waist level therefore the fact that you hit them long could be caused by many reasons. The ones I could point out without seeing you actually hitting those forehand ground-strokes are:
1) not enough spin – fix: try brushing more on the back of the ball (low to high)
2) opening your racquet face at contact – fix: visualize rolling your racquet strings up and over the top of the ball.
Try these two solutions (especially the second one) and see if they help.

48. “Happy New Year! In answer to your question, I would like to be able to read (in singles and doubles) the likely returns from my opponents.”
– This is an excellent question and the answer to it can be based on a good understanding of court coverage and conscious attention to your opponents’ body language which can be practiced.
I’d recommend studying the “Singles Tennis Tactics“, “Doubles Tennis Tactics” and “Court Coverage in Tennis” sections at WebTennis24.com where you’ll find important articles based on level of play that debate the proper positioning, reading opponent’s possible options and the choices of strokes you can use according to your specific tactics.

49. “What do you tell your students as well as their parents about sportsmanship? It seems that for the junior tournament players, sportsmanship and respect for the opponent has slipped a great deal. This slippage leading to many players not returning to tournament tennis after numerous bad experiences on the court.”
– This is one of the reasons I am nervous going into tournaments with my own children and students – the fact that occasionally we must run into players or parents who are overly competitive.
With my own two daughters I talk about these players’ behaviors and we laugh thinking that a bad behavior on the court on opponents’ part leads to lack of concentration for them which is to our advantage.
Therefore if they see their opponents misbehaving on the court, they should perceive it as a sign that the tactics applied are working and continue to stay focused.
It is obviously something we learn from and no matter what, we should not show our emotions until only after the match is over. Whatever we feel during the match should be kept secret so that we do not boost our opponents confidence or give away what we feel about certain shots.
To parents who are overly competitive I try to explain that it is more important for their children to have a good experience and see them encouraging and supporting their efforts.

50. “I am 69 and play 3.5 tennis (mostly doubles). At my age, can I continue to improve or is maintaining the status quo about all I can hope for?”
– I think you can still improve a lot regardless of age.
Technically you can experiment with different spins, stances or adding variety to your strokes.
The area that one can always improve even more (regardless of age) is the tactics and court coverage. Through a good knowledge of court coverage you’ll know where to hit the ball and how to position yourself to minimize effort and make your opponents do most of the work. By understanding the tactics which you should apply according to your opponents skills you’ll find yourself enjoying tennis even more.